Source code for pymatgen.util.string

# coding: utf-8
# Copyright (c) Pymatgen Development Team.
# Distributed under the terms of the MIT License.
"""
This module provides utility classes for string operations.
"""
import re
from fractions import Fraction


[docs]def str_delimited(results, header=None, delimiter="\t"): """ Given a tuple of tuples, generate a delimited string form. >>> results = [["a","b","c"],["d","e","f"],[1,2,3]] >>> print(str_delimited(results,delimiter=",")) a,b,c d,e,f 1,2,3 Args: result: 2d sequence of arbitrary types. header: optional header Returns: Aligned string output in a table-like format. """ returnstr = "" if header is not None: returnstr += delimiter.join(header) + "\n" return returnstr + "\n".join([delimiter.join([str(m) for m in result]) for result in results])
[docs]def formula_double_format(afloat, ignore_ones=True, tol=1e-8): """ This function is used to make pretty formulas by formatting the amounts. Instead of Li1.0 Fe1.0 P1.0 O4.0, you get LiFePO4. Args: afloat (float): a float ignore_ones (bool): if true, floats of 1 are ignored. tol (float): Tolerance to round to nearest int. i.e. 2.0000000001 -> 2 Returns: A string representation of the float for formulas. """ if ignore_ones and afloat == 1: return "" elif abs(afloat - int(afloat)) < tol: return str(int(afloat)) else: return str(round(afloat, 8))
[docs]def latexify(formula): """ Generates a LaTeX formatted formula. E.g., Fe2O3 is transformed to Fe$_{2}$O$_{3}$. Args: formula (str): Input formula. Returns: Formula suitable for display as in LaTeX with proper subscripts. """ return re.sub(r"([A-Za-z\(\)])([\d\.]+)", r"\1$_{\2}$", formula)
[docs]def htmlify(formula): """ Generates a HTML formatted formula, e.g. Fe2O3 is transformed to Fe<sub>2</sub>O</sub>3</sub> :param formula: :return: """ return re.sub(r"([A-Za-z\(\)])([\d\.]+)", r"\1<sub>\2</sub>", formula)
[docs]def unicodeify(formula): """ Generates a formula with unicode subscripts, e.g. Fe2O3 is transformed to Fe₂O₃. Does not support formulae with decimal points. :param formula: :return: """ if '.' in formula: raise ValueError('No unicode character exists for subscript period.') subscript_unicode_map = {0: '₀', 1: '₁', 2: '₂', 3: '₃', 4: '₄', 5: '₅', 6: '₆', 7: '₇', 8: '₈', 9: '₉'} for original_subscript, subscript_unicode in subscript_unicode_map.items(): formula = formula.replace(str(original_subscript), subscript_unicode) return formula
[docs]def latexify_spacegroup(spacegroup_symbol): r""" Generates a latex formatted spacegroup. E.g., P2_1/c is converted to P2$_{1}$/c and P-1 is converted to P$\\overline{1}$. Args: spacegroup_symbol (str): A spacegroup symbol Returns: A latex formatted spacegroup with proper subscripts and overlines. """ sym = re.sub(r"_(\d+)", r"$_{\1}$", spacegroup_symbol) return re.sub(r"-(\d)", r"$\\overline{\1}$", sym)
[docs]def unicodeify_spacegroup(spacegroup_symbol): r""" Generates a unicode formatted spacegroup. E.g., P2$_{1}$/c is converted to P2₁/c and P$\\overline{1}$ is converted to P̅1. Args: spacegroup_symbol (str): A spacegroup symbol as LaTeX Returns: A unicode spacegroup with proper subscripts and overlines. """ if not spacegroup_symbol: return "" subscript_unicode_map = { 0: "₀", 1: "₁", 2: "₂", 3: "₃", 4: "₄", 5: "₅", 6: "₆", 7: "₇", 8: "₈", 9: "₉", } symbol = latexify_spacegroup(spacegroup_symbol) for number, unicode_number in subscript_unicode_map.items(): symbol = symbol.replace("$_{" + str(number) + "}$", unicode_number) symbol = symbol.replace("_" + str(number), unicode_number) overline = "\u0305" # u"\u0304" (macron) is also an option symbol = symbol.replace("$\\overline{", '') symbol = symbol.replace("$", "") symbol = symbol.replace("{", "") # overline unicode symbol comes after the character with the overline symbol = symbol.replace("}", overline) return symbol
[docs]def unicodeify_species(specie_string): r""" Generates a unicode formatted species string, with appropriate superscripts for oxidation states. Args: specie_string (str): Species string, e.g. O2- Returns: Species string, e.g. O²⁻ """ if not specie_string: return "" superscript_unicode_map = { "0": "⁰", "1": "¹", "2": "²", "3": "³", "4": "⁴", "5": "⁵", "6": "⁶", "7": "⁷", "8": "⁸", "9": "⁹", "+": "⁺", "-": "⁻", } for character, unicode_character in superscript_unicode_map.items(): specie_string = specie_string.replace(character, unicode_character) return specie_string
[docs]def stream_has_colours(stream): """ True if stream supports colours. Python cookbook, #475186 """ if not hasattr(stream, "isatty"): return False if not stream.isatty(): return False # auto color only on TTYs try: import curses curses.setupterm() return curses.tigetnum("colors") > 2 except Exception: return False # guess false in case of error
[docs]def transformation_to_string(matrix, translation_vec=(0, 0, 0), components=('x', 'y', 'z'), c='', delim=','): """ Convenience method. Given matrix returns string, e.g. x+2y+1/4 :param matrix :param translation_vec :param components: either ('x', 'y', 'z') or ('a', 'b', 'c') :param c: optional additional character to print (used for magmoms) :param delim: delimiter :return: xyz string """ parts = [] for i in range(3): s = '' m = matrix[i] t = translation_vec[i] for j, dim in enumerate(components): if m[j] != 0: f = Fraction(m[j]).limit_denominator() if s != '' and f >= 0: s += '+' if abs(f.numerator) != 1: s += str(f.numerator) elif f < 0: s += '-' s += c + dim if f.denominator != 1: s += '/' + str(f.denominator) if t != 0: s += ('+' if (t > 0 and s != '') else '') + str(Fraction(t).limit_denominator()) if s == '': s += '0' parts.append(s) return delim.join(parts)
[docs]def disordered_formula(disordered_struct, symbols=('x', 'y', 'z'), fmt='plain'): """ Returns a formula of a form like AxB1-x (x=0.5) for disordered structures. Will only return a formula for disordered structures with one kind of disordered site at present. Args: disordered_struct: a disordered structure symbols: a tuple of characters to use for subscripts, by default this is ('x', 'y', 'z') but if you have more than three disordered species more symbols will need to be added fmt (str): 'plain', 'HTML' or 'LaTeX' Returns (str): a disordered formula string """ # this is in string utils and not in # Composition because we need to have access # to site occupancies to calculate this, so # have to pass the full structure as an argument # (alternatively this could be made a method on # Structure) from pymatgen.core.composition import Composition from pymatgen.core.periodic_table import get_el_sp if disordered_struct.is_ordered: raise ValueError("Structure is not disordered, " "so disordered formula not defined.") disordered_site_compositions = {site.species for site in disordered_struct if not site.is_ordered} if len(disordered_site_compositions) > 1: # this probably won't happen too often raise ValueError("Ambiguous how to define disordered " "formula when more than one type of disordered " "site is present.") disordered_site_composition = disordered_site_compositions.pop() disordered_species = {str(sp) for sp, occu in disordered_site_composition.items()} if len(disordered_species) > len(symbols): # this probably won't happen too often either raise ValueError("Not enough symbols to describe disordered composition: " "{}".format(symbols)) symbols = list(symbols)[0:len(disordered_species) - 1] comp = disordered_struct.composition.get_el_amt_dict().items() # sort by electronegativity, as per composition comp = sorted(comp, key=lambda x: get_el_sp(x[0]).X) disordered_comp = [] variable_map = {} total_disordered_occu = sum([occu for sp, occu in comp if str(sp) in disordered_species]) # composition to get common factor factor_comp = disordered_struct.composition.as_dict() factor_comp['X'] = total_disordered_occu for sp in disordered_species: del factor_comp[str(sp)] factor_comp = Composition.from_dict(factor_comp) factor = factor_comp.get_reduced_formula_and_factor()[1] total_disordered_occu /= factor remainder = "{}-{}".format(formula_double_format(total_disordered_occu, ignore_ones=False), '-'.join(symbols)) for sp, occu in comp: sp = str(sp) if sp not in disordered_species: disordered_comp.append((sp, formula_double_format(occu / factor))) else: if len(symbols) > 0: symbol = symbols.pop(0) disordered_comp.append((sp, symbol)) variable_map[symbol] = occu / total_disordered_occu / factor else: disordered_comp.append((sp, remainder)) if fmt == 'LaTeX': sub_start = "_{" sub_end = "}" elif fmt == 'HTML': sub_start = "<sub>" sub_end = "</sub>" elif fmt != 'plain': raise ValueError("Unsupported output format, " "choose from: LaTeX, HTML, plain") disordered_formula = [] for sp, occu in disordered_comp: disordered_formula.append(sp) if occu: # can be empty string if 1 if fmt != 'plain': disordered_formula.append(sub_start) disordered_formula.append(occu) if fmt != 'plain': disordered_formula.append(sub_end) disordered_formula.append(" ") disordered_formula += ["{}={} ".format(k, formula_double_format(v)) for k, v in variable_map.items()] comp = disordered_struct.composition return "".join(map(str, disordered_formula))[0:-1]
[docs]class StringColorizer: """ Provides coloring for strings in terminals. """ colours = { "default": "", "blue": "\x1b[01;34m", "cyan": "\x1b[01;36m", "green": "\x1b[01;32m", "red": "\x1b[01;31m", } def __init__(self, stream): """ :param stream: Input stream """ self.has_colours = stream_has_colours(stream) def __call__(self, string, colour): """ :param string: Actual string :param colour: Color to assign. :return: Colored string. """ if self.has_colours: code = self.colours.get(colour.lower(), "") if code: return code + string + "\x1b[00m" else: return string else: return string
if __name__ == "__main__": import doctest doctest.testmod()