pymatgen.phonon.bandstructure module¶
This module provides classes to define a phonon band structure.

class
PhononBandStructure
(qpoints, frequencies, lattice, nac_frequencies=None, eigendisplacements=None, nac_eigendisplacements=None, labels_dict=None, coords_are_cartesian=False, structure=None)[source]¶ Bases:
monty.json.MSONable
This is the most generic phonon band structure data possible it’s defined by a list of qpoints + frequencies for each of them. Additional information may be given for frequencies at Gamma, where nonanalytical contribution may be taken into account.
 Parameters
qpoints – list of qpoint as numpy arrays, in frac_coords of the given lattice by default
frequencies – list of phonon frequencies in THz as a numpy array with shape (3*len(structure), len(qpoints)). The First index of the array refers to the band and the second to the index of the qpoint.
lattice – The reciprocal lattice as a pymatgen Lattice object. Pymatgen uses the physics convention of reciprocal lattice vectors WITH a 2*pi coefficient.
nac_frequencies – Frequencies with nonanalytical contributions at Gamma in THz. A list of tuples. The first element of each tuple should be a list defining the direction (not necessarily a versor, will be normalized internally). The second element containing the 3*len(structure) phonon frequencies with nonanalytical correction for that direction.
eigendisplacements – the phonon eigendisplacements associated to the frequencies in cartesian coordinates. A numpy array of complex numbers with shape (3*len(structure), len(qpoints), len(structure), 3). he First index of the array refers to the band, the second to the index of the qpoint, the third to the atom in the structure and the fourth to the cartesian coordinates.
nac_eigendisplacements – the phonon eigendisplacements associated to the nonanalytical frequencies in nac_frequencies in cartesian coordinates. A list of tuples. The first element of each tuple should be a list defining the direction. The second element containing a numpy array of complex numbers with shape (3*len(structure), len(structure), 3).
labels_dict – (dict) of {} this links a qpoint (in frac coords or cartesian coordinates depending on the coords) to a label.
coords_are_cartesian – Whether the qpoint coordinates are cartesian.
structure – The crystal structure (as a pymatgen Structure object) associated with the band structure. This is needed if we provide projections to the band structure

asr_breaking
(tol_eigendisplacements=1e05)[source]¶ Returns the breaking of the acoustic sum rule for the three acoustic modes, if Gamma is present. None otherwise. If eigendisplacements are available they are used to determine the acoustic modes: selects the bands corresponding to the eigendisplacements that represent to a translation within tol_eigendisplacements. If these are not identified or eigendisplacements are missing the first 3 modes will be used (indices [0:3]).

get_nac_eigendisplacements_along_dir
(direction)[source]¶ Returns the nac_eigendisplacements for the given direction (not necessarily a versor). None if the direction is not present or nac_eigendisplacements has not been calculated.
 Parameters
direction – the direction as a list of 3 elements
 Returns
the eigendisplacements as a numpy array of complex numbers with shape (3*len(structure), len(structure), 3). None if not found.

get_nac_frequencies_along_dir
(direction)[source]¶ Returns the nac_frequencies for the given direction (not necessarily a versor). None if the direction is not present or nac_frequencies has not been calculated.
 Parameters
direction – the direction as a list of 3 elements
 Returns
the frequencies as a numpy array o(3*len(structure), len(qpoints)). None if not found.

property
has_eigendisplacements
¶ True if eigendisplacements are present.

property
has_nac
¶ True if nac_frequencies are present.

class
PhononBandStructureSymmLine
(qpoints, frequencies, lattice, has_nac=False, eigendisplacements=None, labels_dict=None, coords_are_cartesian=False, structure=None)[source]¶ Bases:
pymatgen.phonon.bandstructure.PhononBandStructure
This object stores phonon band structures along selected (symmetry) lines in the Brillouin zone. We call the different symmetry lines (ex: \Gamma to Z) “branches”.
 Parameters
qpoints – list of qpoints as numpy arrays, in frac_coords of the given lattice by default
frequencies – list of phonon frequencies in eV as a numpy array with shape (3*len(structure), len(qpoints))
lattice – The reciprocal lattice as a pymatgen Lattice object. Pymatgen uses the physics convention of reciprocal lattice vectors WITH a 2*pi coefficient
has_nac – specify if the band structure has been produced taking into account nonanalytical corrections at Gamma. If True frequenciens at Gamma from diffent directions will be stored in naf. Default False.
eigendisplacements – the phonon eigendisplacements associated to the frequencies in cartesian coordinates. A numpy array of complex numbers with shape (3*len(structure), len(qpoints), len(structure), 3). he First index of the array refers to the band, the second to the index of the qpoint, the third to the atom in the structure and the fourth to the cartesian coordinates.
labels_dict – (dict) of {} this links a qpoint (in frac coords or cartesian coordinates depending on the coords) to a label.
coords_are_cartesian – Whether the qpoint coordinates are cartesian.
structure – The crystal structure (as a pymatgen Structure object) associated with the band structure. This is needed if we provide projections to the band structure

as_phononwebsite
()[source]¶ Return a dictionary with the phononwebsite format: http://henriquemiranda.github.io/phononwebsite

classmethod
from_dict
(d)[source]¶  Parameters
d – Dict representation
 Returns
PhononBandStructureSummLine

get_branch
(index)[source]¶ Returns in what branch(es) is the qpoint. There can be several branches.
 Parameters
index – the qpoint index
 Returns
A list of dictionaries [{“name”,”start_index”,”end_index”,”index”}] indicating all branches in which the qpoint is. It takes into account the fact that one qpoint (e.g., \Gamma) can be in several branches

get_equivalent_qpoints
(index)[source]¶ Returns the list of qpoint indices equivalent (meaning they are the same frac coords) to the given one.
 Parameters
index – the qpoint index
 Returns
a list of equivalent indices
TODO: now it uses the label we might want to use coordinates instead (in case there was a mislabel)

write_phononwebsite
(filename)[source]¶ Write a json file for the phononwebsite: http://henriquemiranda.github.io/phononwebsite

eigenvectors_from_displacements
(disp, masses)[source]¶ Calculate the eigenvectors from the atomic displacements